United Kingdom

A Comprehensive Guide to Zakat for British Muslims

Important Reminder to Give Zakat Al-Fitr Before the Eid Prayer

Eid Mubarak! We wish you and your loved ones a blessed Eid for everyone you’ve helped this Ramadan and from the Muslims UK team!

If you need to, there’s still time to give your Zakat al-Fitr so those in need receive food in time for Eid.

‘The Messenger of Allah (saw) prescribed the Zakat al-Fitr as a purification of the fasting person from empty and obscene talk and as food for the poor. If anyone pays it before the prayer (of Eid), it will be accepted as Zakat. If anyone pays it after the prayer, that will be a Sadaqah like other Sadaqahs.’ [Abu Dawud]

Dear Muslim, We want to remind you that Zakat al-Fitr is due to every household member, including children, and must be paid before the Eid prayer. Our recommended rate is £5 per person.

Zakat is one of the fundamental pillars of Islam, a religious obligation incumbent upon all eligible Muslims. In the context of British Muslims, understanding Zakat fulfils a religious duty and contributes to the well-being of the community and society. This comprehensive guide aims to provide British Muslims with a clear understanding of Zakat, its importance, calculation methods, and its impact in the British context.

What is Zakat?

Zakat, derived from the Arabic word “to purify” or “to cleanse,” is an obligatory act of worship in Islam. It involves giving a portion of one’s wealth to those in need, serving as a means of social solidarity and economic justice. The primary purpose of Zakat is to cleanse one’s wealth, purify the soul, and redistribute wealth among the less fortunate.

Importance of Zakat:

Zakat is of immense significance in Islam and is considered one of the five pillars of the faith. Its importance is highlighted in numerous verses of the Quran and Hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him), emphasizing Muslims’ responsibility towards those less fortunate in society. By fulfilling the obligation of Zakat, Muslims not only demonstrate their obedience to Allah and contribute to poverty alleviation and social welfare.

Who is Eligible to Pay Zakat?

Zakat is obligatory upon every Muslim with wealth above the Nisab (the minimum threshold) for a full lunar year. The Nisab is determined based on the value of gold and silver or their equivalent in cash. In the British context, Muslims must calculate their Zakat based on their financial assets, including savings, investments, gold, silver, and other forms of wealth.

Calculating Zakat:

Calculating Zakat involves determining one’s total assets and deducting any outstanding debts. The remaining amount is then subject to Zakat at 2.5% (or one-fortieth) for most assets. However, different rates may apply to agricultural produce and livestock. It’s crucial to ensure accurate calculations and consult knowledgeable individuals or resources.

If you need help calculating your Zakat charity, please use our Zakat Calculator.

Zakat Distribution:

Zakat must be distributed to specific categories of recipients outlined in Islamic law, including people experiencing poverty, needy, debtors, those working in the collection and distribution of Zakat, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled. In the British context, Muslims can fulfil their Zakat obligations by supporting local charities, organizations, or initiatives that work towards poverty alleviation, education, healthcare, and other social welfare causes.

Zakat in the British Context:

Living as Muslims in Britain, adapting Zakat practices to the local context while staying true to Islamic principles is essential. British Muslims can contribute to Zakat through established charities and organisations that adhere to Islamic guidelines and have a track record of effective Zakat distribution. Additionally, engaging in community initiatives, volunteering, and supporting local projects can further enhance the impact of Zakat in British society.


Zakat is a religious obligation and a powerful tool for social justice and community development. By fulfilling this duty, British Muslims can actively contribute to addressing societal inequalities and fostering a culture of compassion and solidarity. As responsible members of the British Muslim community, let us embrace the spirit of Zakat and strive to make a positive difference in the lives of those in need.

We have developed a convenient Zakat calculator to simplify paying your Zakat.